Evaluating adaptation efforts requires ‘basket of approaches’

See this from UNFCCC


Global, regional and national adaptation targets and indicators relevant to Global Goal on Adaptation

  1. Many submissions highlighted that global level indicators, such as those under the
    sustainable development goals (SDGs), the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and
    the Sendai framework, provide a good starting point for monitoring progress under the
    GGA. However, several submissions noted that when recognising varying geographies and contexts faced by Parties, a single, global set of indicators and methodologies is not fit for purpose for evaluating adaptation efforts, and therefore a ‘basket of approaches’ that reflect national circumstances is required.
  2. Multiple submissions highlighted the importance of establishing areas of
    commonality across regions and sharing best practices, even where there are geographical and contextual differences. Reviewing adaptation progress at both national and global levels can inform Parties’ own national efforts. Several Parties highlighted in their submissions the actions they are undertaking at national level, including Japan’s PDCA cycle (plan, do, check, act) which uses sector-specific review processes to feed into its national climate action plan.
  3. Due to the varying contexts mentioned, Parties noted that indicators, data and
    metrics should reflect regional and national circumstances, and should be administered at
    national level. This could then feed into a global aggregation process. It is also critical that
    the needs and circumstances of local and indigenous peoples be considered, and that they are represented in this workshop and the wider GGA process. Finally, some submissions identified the need to ensure that adaptation actions are aligned with principles of just resilience.

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