UK enacts ‘temporary’ tax on oil, gas firms to raise around £5b; the policy is not focussed enough on dirty (2)

May 26-28, 2022

CarrZee comment…What the U.K. government should have done is boost carbon prices and used the money raised by that to help the poor / middle income folk.

This would have involved an education campaign to inform the population about why polluters need to pay and how this will speed the transition.

Consumers now have options to spend on energy solutions that are largely cheaper AND cleaner (over time).

This option would have been more permanent in dealing with government debt …and would have boosted investment (because investors want clean options) and it would have limited damage to overall investment (because investors prefer countries with smooth, rational policy that includes high carbon prices — investors / pension funds have 200 countries to choose from and are seeking to limit their climate risks).

The current UK plan will limit energy investment full stop (because the windfall tax does not distinguish as much as it could between clean and dirty options).

Unedited press release:

Millions of most vulnerable households will receive £1,200 of help with cost of living

Millions of households across the UK will benefit from a new £15 billion package of targeted government support to help with the rising cost of living, the Chancellor announced today (26 May).From:HM TreasuryPublished26 May 2022

  • Almost all of the eight million most vulnerable households across the UK will receive support of at least £1,200 this year, including a new one-off £650 cost of living payment
  • Universal support increases to £400, as the October discount on energy bills is doubled and the requirement to repay it over five years is scrapped
  • This new [£15 billion] support package is targeted towards millions of low-income households and brings the total cost of living support to £37 billion this year
  • New temporary Energy Profits Levy on oil and gas firms will raise around £5 billion over the next year to help with cost of living, with a new investment allowance to encourage firms to invest in oil and gas extraction in the UK

The significant intervention includes a new, one-off £650 payment to more than 8 million low-income households on Universal Credit, Tax Credits, Pension Credit and legacy benefits, with separate one-off payments of £300 to pensioner households and £150 to individuals receiving disability benefits – groups who are most vulnerable to rising prices.

Rishi Sunak also announced that the energy bills discount due to come in from October is being doubled from £200 to £400, while the requirement to pay it back will be scrapped. This means households will receive a £400 discount on their energy bills from October.

The new Cost of Living Support package will mean that almost all of the eight million most vulnerable households will receive at least £1,200 of extra support this year, including the £150 council tax rebate that many families received last month – equal to the average energy price cap rise over this year.

To ensure there is support for everyone who needs it, Mr Sunak also announced a £500 million increase for the Household Support Fund, delivered by Local Authorities, extending it from October until March 2023. This brings the total Household Support Fund to £1.5 billion.

To help pay for the extra support – which takes the total direct government cost of living support to £37 billion – the Chancellor said a new temporary 25% Energy Profits Levy would be introduced for oil and gas companies, reflecting their extraordinary profits. At the same time, in order to increase the incentive to invest the new levy will include a generous new 80% investment allowance. This balanced approach allows the government to deliver support to families, while encouraging investment and growth.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak said:

We know that people are facing challenges with the cost of living and that is why today I’m stepping in with further support to help with rising energy bills.

We have a collective responsibility to help those who are paying the highest price for the high inflation we face. That is why I’m targeting this significant support to millions of the most vulnerable people in our society. I said we would stand by people and that is what this support does today.

It is also right that those companies making extraordinary profits on the back of record global oil and gas prices contribute towards this. That is why I’m introducing a temporary Energy Profits Levy to help pay for this unprecedented support in a way that promotes investment.

There is now more certainty that households will need further support, with inflation having risen faster than forecast and Ofgem expecting a further rise in the energy price cap in October.

Today’s announcement is on top of the government’s existing £22 billion cost of living support which includes February’s energy bills intervention and action taken at this year’s Spring Statement including a £330 tax cut for millions of workers through the NICs threshold increase in July and 5p cut to fuel duty.

Energy Profits Levy

Surging commodity prices, driven in part by Russia’s war on Ukraine, has meant that the oil and gas sector is making extraordinary profits. Ministers have been clear that they want to see the sector reinvest these profits in oil and gas extraction in the UK.

In order both to fairly tax the extraordinary profits and encourage investment, the Chancellor announced a temporary new Energy Profits Levy with a generous investment allowance built in.

The new Levy will be charged on oil and gas company profits at a rate of 25% and is expected to raise around £5 billion in its first 12 months, which will go towards easing the burden on families. It will be temporary, and if oil and gas prices return to historically more normal levels, will be phased out.

The new Investment Allowance, similar in style to the super-deduction, incentivises companies to invest through saving them 91p for every £1 they invest. This nearly doubles the tax relief available and means the more a company invests, the less tax they will pay.

The government expects the combination of the Levy and the new investment allowance to lead to an overall increase in investment, and the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) will take account of this policy in their next forecast.

The Levy does not apply to the electricity generation sector – where extraordinary profits are also being made due to the impact that rising gas prices have on the price paid for electricity in the UK market. As set out in the Energy Security Strategy the government is consulting with the power generation sector and investors to drive forward energy market reforms and ensure that the price paid for electricity is more reflective of the costs of production.

The Chancellor announced today that the Treasury will urgently evaluate the scale of these extraordinary profits and the appropriate steps to take.

During the announcement, the Chancellor also set out the government’s strategy to control inflation through independent monetary policy, fiscal responsibility, and supply side activism – a plan he said that should see inflation come down and returning to its target over time.

Further information

  • Find the factsheets here
  • This is a highly progressive package of support, and three-quarters of the total support goes to the most-vulnerable households. Distributional analysis of the package is published here
  • The majority of these measures will apply UK-wide except the Household Support Fund, which is England only.  The Devolved Governments will receive Barnett funding as a result of this measure. The Energy Bill Support Scheme is only in Great Britain but we will deliver equivalent support to people in Northern Ireland.
  • These new cost of living payments will be paid directly to households across the UK by the UK Government.
  • In the absence of a functioning Executive in Northern Ireland, the UK Government is taking decisive action to support the people of Northern Ireland through these measures.

May announcement

Y = UKG measure appliesScotlandWalesNI
Cost of Living Payment, administered by HMRC to recipients of means-tested benefits (tax credits)YYY
Cost of Living Payment, administered by DWP to recipients of other means-tested benefitsYYY
Disability Cost of Living PaymentYYY
Pensioner Cost of Living PaymentYYY
Energy Bills Support SchemeYYEquivalent support
Household Support FundBarnett (c£41m)Barnett (c£25m)Barnett (c£14m)

This £15.3 billion targeted package provides:

  • A direct one-off cost of living payment of £[650] for households on means-tested benefits, worth £[5.4] billion. DWP will make the payment in two lump sums directly into claimants bank accounts – the first from July, the second in the autumn. Payments from HMRC for those on tax credits only will follow shortly afterwards.
  • A pensioner cost of living payment of £300 for pensioner households worth £2.5 billion paid in November/December alongside the Winter Fuel Payment
  • A £150 disability cost of living payment to individuals in receipt of extra cost disability benefits, worth £0.9 billion, paid by September.
  • A doubling of the universal rebate through the Energy Bills Support Scheme, providing an additional £200 to households with a domestic energy meter, worth £6 billion.
  • A further £0.5 billion to extend the Household Support Fund by another six months, ensuring it will be in place until next April.
  • This package builds on measures worth £22 billion that the government has already announced, bringing the total support for households this year to £37 billion which will help ease the pressure for those who need it most.

The final costings will be subject to scrutiny by the Office for Budget Responsibility, and set out at the Budget.

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